Prime

(Programd Initiative of Monga Eradication)

PRIME-SONGJOG is a significant initiative for poverty eradication funded by PKSF.

Significance of PRIME-SONGJOG project in coastal area

Bangladesh is a mirror of poverty that explores the intensity of poverty to the global aspects. A great percentage of the people of this country live under poverty threshold. According to the human development report of 2002 Bangladesh is the 145th out of 174 poor countries. 80% of the laborers live in rural area. There is no work in rural area as because they come to urban area in search of job/works. The urban area also suffered from unemployment and here they are being unemployed. The families who do not have any active male person for earning they become the main victim of poverty. On the other hand poverty is increasing in agriculture day laboring HHs. If we make their involvement in off-firm activities, then intensity of poverty can be lessened. These people can not involve in off-firm activities for want of capital. PRIME-SONGJOG provides off-firm activities as well as on-firm activities in order to eradicate poverty.

The scenario of the working area before commencement of PRIME-SONGJOG

  1. Weak points of development matrix

The poverty of Patuakhali and Barguna districts are comparatively more than other area of Bangladesh. 52% is poor of which 24% is ultra-poor. 462 people live in each Sq. Km. 61.14% of the houses are straw made that are vulnerable. One bed in hospital for 3243 people. Literacy rate is 54%. Average income per capita is 16,901 Tk. This situation drives farmers to labor of farming and they are going to urban area for selling labor. Employment of female is negligible. Fundamentalism and some social hindrance discouraged women employment. Due to fundamentalism and social prejudice 3.35% women are divorcee.

  1. Environmental situation

In consideration of geographical aspects this area are encompassed with rivers, canals, islands, seas shores hence the area is a victim of frequent flood, cyclone, water surges, river erosion etc. Water areas are the 22% of total working area. In consideration of global warming the people of this area has not yet been resilient so far and it affects the poor livelihoods.

Commencement of PRIME-SONGJOG project

PKSF (Polli Karma Sahayak Foundation) started the activities in the name of PRIME (Primary Initiative of Monga Eradication) in northern part of the country. Monga is a local terminology of north bengal and it means famine, shortage, lack of food. From the learning of PRIME at northern area PKSF has decided to start this activity through its partners in southern coastal area. SANGRAM started this project in Barguna and Patuakhali districts from 2 November 2010.

A baseline survey was conducted at first. This survey reveals that scarcity of work, shortage of agro-based employment and other day laboring come before cutting crops. In such period the buying capacity of ultra-poor community is remain down. The target peoples were identified through baseline survey and that includes poor, ultra-poor, marginal families. The families are isolated through door to door survey as target people of the project. PRIME-SONGJOG project has made a plan to assist them as per need.

What happens during MONGA

  • Advance labor sells for to afford 3 times meal per day.

  • Take loans from money lenders with high interest rate.

  • Marginal and small farmers sell their land for buying food.

  • Poor people are bound to sell their domestic animals, birds and even household level utensils.

  • Advance selling the crops of their own land.

  • Poor people are bound to go in urban area or other area of the country for searching jobs/works. In this period members of the families remain hungry.

Objectives

  1. To enhance the socio-economic status of MONGA affected families.

  2. To release the poor and ultra-poor people from ironic band of MONGA.

  3. To decrease socio-economical displacement (move to urban area) for want of work.

  4. To create local employment during famine period.

Target people

The poor and ultra-poor HHs who are unemployed before cutting crops and don’t have any employment for 4 month in a year. The buying capacity is seriously down in November-December and May-June. The people are mostly about to move to another places for employment or searching food for family members. The people have no cultivable land and having land up to 15 decimal and the monthly family income is 4000 Tk. or less. Divorcee, destitute and women headed families.

Working Area

District : Patuakhali and Barguna.

Upazila : Kalapara, Galachipa and Dashmina of Patuakhali.

Amtali and Taltoli of Barguna.

No of pouroshova and union : 20

No of village : 271

No of branches : 13

Manpower

Project Coordinator : 01

IGA Officer : 02 (Agriculture and Livestock)

MIS Officer : 01

Manager : 13

Accountant : 13

Polli Paramedic : 5

PA Technical : 16

Field Officer : 54

CHP (Community Health Promoter) : 30

Total : 135

Main activities of PRIME-SONGJOG Project

  1. Group formation with accumulated members.

  2. Technical assistance for agriculture and livestock development.

  3. Primary health and reproductive health services.

  4. Skill development training for different IGAs.

  5. Credit support with low rate of interest.

  6. Employment creation with daily wage during crisis period.

Success of PRIME-SONGJOG Project

Member enrollment by FGD : 16866

Female : 16866

Male : 0

Group formation : 803

Each group contains : 20-30 members

Technical assistance provided through 13 branches to

Homestead level vegetable gardening : 1707

Vegetable gardening for commercial purpose : 317

Fruit yielding for commercial purpose : 21

Fish farming : 205

Duck rearing : 499

Beef fattening : 398

Commercial broiler : 260

Commercial layer : 36

Cow rearing : 1296

Goat rearing : 476

Sonali hen rearing : 298

Ram rearing : 07

Vaccination in livestock sector through 13 branches

FMD : 1863

PPR : 23838

RDV : 30214

BCRDV : 15507

Duck plaque : 14977

Anthrax : 13450

De worming tablets : 25494

Seed distribution through 13 branches

Kharip-1 (Person) : 21760

Kharip-2 (Person) : 25790

Robi (Person) : 18095

Semi commercial farming : 824

Demonstration farms

Goat distribution (2 to each) : 484

Duck distribution : 23

Ram distribution (2 to each) : 51

Financial assistance to Model farming in homestead level : 333

Bashok leaf plantation : 107

Beef fattening : 187

Cow rearing : 196

Model Farms: Farms were formed with special attention and with good inputs as though members or other people can follow. Some beneficiaries were trained for model farming. The information of model farms is as follows:

Vegetable gardening in HHs level : 248

Vegetable gardening for commercial purpose : 75

Mono sex Telapia fish farming : 114

Duck rearing : 279

Beef fattening : 71

Commercial broiler : 29

Commercial layer : 25

Cow rearing : 717

Health Services: PRIME-SONGJOG has been providing health services to the community as well as its beneficiaries in order to assisting government health services for primary health services and reproductive health promotion. 5 polli paramedics and 30 CHPs (Community Health Promoters) are working for providing health services. Actually they provide primary health treatment with counseling and some medicine free of cost. The problems are not possible to solve by them they refer to government health centers and health complex are located respectively of union and upazila level. Project health staffs operate satellite clinics in community level. Each satellite clinic held once in a month.

Primary health services model was introduces by PKSF with consultation services of PHD (Partners in Health Development). It includes providing health services to the women and children of ultra-poor and poor households, counseling for nutrition, sanitation, safe drinking water, immunization and awareness development

Health services provided at a glance as of June 2014

Sl. No.

Subject

Number

1

Session of Primary Health Care

21466

2

Participants in Primary Health Care session

171738

3

Number of Satellite Clinics

1624

4

No. of patients in Satellite Clinics

46516

5

No. of referral patients

1155

6

Health Camps

116

7

No. of patients in health camp

8700

8

Special health camp

03

9

No. of patients in special health camp

370

10

No. of eye camp

05

11

No. patients in eye camp

1890

12

Cataract operation

270

13

Service to pregnant mother

2059

14

Services to lactating mother

972

15

Services to new born child

886

16

Institutional delivery

117

17

Child delivery by TBA

793

18

No. of sachet for PUSTI KONA

30226

19

Malnutrition assessment

2613

20

Diabetes determination

36

21

Pregnancy determination

146

Skill development training: Training provided to the beneficiaries for skill development that are experienced earlier and habituated with respective IGA. This training was provided in to three sectors like agriculture, livestock and off-farm activities. These are as follows:

No. of Branches

Agriculture

Livestock

Off-firm

Total

Batch

Person

Batch

Person

Batch

Person

13

76

1952

135

3375

22

550

5877

Credit Activities in PRIME-SONGJOG Project: All beneficiaries of this project are ultra-poor and poor classed. They need low interest bearing credit for the enhancement of their respective IGA. The information of loan is as follows:

No of Branch

Members

Borrower

Micro-credit with low interest rate

Total savings

Loan disbursement

One time loan outstanding

Monthly loan outstanding

Weekly loan outstanding

Total outstanding

Recovery rate

Person

Taka

Person

Taka

Person

Taka

13

16827

8221

91965000

1553

260988

3419

5745782

9729

18695918

24705688

99.79%

11237718

Training provided for Skill Development

No. of Branches

Mobile servicing

Motorcycle mechanic

Now working

No of families

Beneficiaries

Batch

Person

Batch

Person

13

1

13

1

15

29

30

154

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Key Information

Year of Inception : 1985

Founder : Chowdhury Mohammad Masum

Serving Country : Bangladesh

Number of Branches : 43

Present Donors : BCCRF, CBM/CDD, PKSF, DFID, Bangladesh Bank, IFAD, NGO Forum.

Contact

Head Office: Shahid Smriti Sarak, Barguna-8700, Bangladesh.

Liaison Office: Genetic West Wood, H # 284-285, R # 2, Adabor, Dhaka-1207.

+88 0448 62828, +88 01712972589

sangramngo@yahoo.com

facebook.com/NgoSangram

www.sangramngo.org